Your deck is the center hub of outdoor summer fun.
You grill on the deck, you relax the afternoon away and you enjoy your deck with friends and family.
Because it is such a central piece to our backyards, we want our decks to look the best they can and for that look to last as long as possible.
We’ve rounded up the best deck stains for your summer project. These stains are durable, long-lasting, look great and priced fairly so you won’t break the bank.
Deck Stain Buyer’s Guide
A deck stain serves multiple purposes.
First, a deck stain will add beauty to your deck. Stains enhance the look of the wood by deepening the colors and accenting the grain.
Deck stains can also completely change the color of the wood or cover the wood entirely with a new color that better fits your tastes and color scheme.
Second, deck stains protect the deck boards that you paid good money for.
Without a stain to protect the wood, the sun’s UV rays would bleach the color out of the wood and turn it grey. Moisture in the form of rain, humidity, and snow will cause your wood to warp, crack, splinter, and eventually start rotting.
Applying a quality deck stain is always a good investment.
Deck Stain Opacity
Clear deck stain doesn’t actually stain the deck, it is a pigment free wood sealer. It will typically give the wood more of a wet look, but its main purpose is to seal the wood to protect it from moisture and protect the wood from UV rays.
Translucent deck stain has just a little bit of color and is used to enhance the wood’s current color. These stains still show all of the wood grain through the stain.
Semi-transparent stains have more pigment added in but still, show a majority of the wood’s graining. They are more UV resistant than translucent stains.
A semi-solid stain is one step down from being a solid color over the wood. If you like just a bit of the wood graining to show through but want to completely control the color, this stain is perfect.
Oil Deck Stain vs Water Based Deck Stain
There are a few different pros and cons to both water-based deck stains and oil-based.
In most cases though, water-based stains are the way to go for your typical homeowner. They are easier to clean up, have lower VOCs and most importantly, water-based deck stains last longer than their oil counterparts.
Testing Out Your Stain Color
Before you invest a lot of money in your stain, make sure to test out our stain on an inconspicuous area on your deck. This will allow you to see how the color will look on your wood, with your furniture, and in your yard.
Often times a color doesn’t quite look the same in your home as it does on a small swatch in the paint store.
How Long Will Your Deck Stain Last?
On average, a good quality stain will look good for 2-3 years on a deck floor (horizontal) and 3-5 years on the vertical rails. This doesn’t mean you necessarily will need to re-stain in 2-3 years, but you will start to see the wear in the stain.
The lifespan of your deck stain really depends on 2 factors. The sun and moisture.
Sun will damage your deck stain with it’s UV rays. UV will cause the stains to break down, become chalky, fade and even start to peel in some circumstances.
Darker stain colors will absorb more heat from the sun than lighter stain colors. This extra heat can also lead to premature damage to your deck (besides it being hot on your feet).
Moisture is the other culprit to deterioration. Most deck stains have improved drastically over the years and have better moisture resistance, but they still break down over time.
How To Stain Your Deck
Check Out These Posts For Instruction On Your Staining Projects:
What to Look for When Buying Deck Stain
When buying a deck stain, there are some things you should consider.
With the time frame being equal these are the other factors you should examine.
- Does the grain show through the stain?
- Have you tested the color on your deck?
- Does this stain have a good rating for easy application?
- Check the temperatures that are acceptable to apply the stain in. Most stains should not be applied during extremely high temperatures, extremely low temperatures, or high humidity.
- Do you want an oil-based stain or acrylic (water-based) stain?
- Check the drying time needed and follow directions.
Sometimes customers are dissatisfied with a stain because they did not follow directions as written on the stain container. They also may have tried to apply the stain when the temperatures have been too hot, too cold, or the humidity has been too high. This will cause the stain to bubble and peel.
The type of brush you use to apply your stain makes a big difference as well. You need to use a brush that is supposed to be used for stains, not latex paints. Use a stain brush. This does make a difference and you will be glad you did.
Questions People Ask Before Staining a Deck
18%. If you’ve been dealing with a lot of recent rain or high humidity, you may need to make sure that the moisture level of your deck is at an acceptable level. Moisture meters are cheap at your hardware store and can easily tell you if it is safe to apply your deck stain. The moisture level of your wood should not be above 18%.
Yes. If your old stain has worn off significantly, the type of stain you apply over it should not matter.
Most water-based stains do require 2 coats to get the best color and solid coverage. Most oil-based stains require only one coat.
Whether you spray, brush or roll the stain on your deck is up to you. Typically a large 5″ stain brush applies the stain quickly and with the best finish.
Not necessarily, but it’s a good idea. If water still beads up because of the old stain on the deck, then a new stain most likely won’t penetrate and the old stain should be removed.
On average most deck stains cover 200-300 sq. ft. per gallon on rough surfaces depending on the age, condition, and porosity of the wood. on smooth surfaces, they cover 250-400 sq. ft. per gallon. To figure out how much deck stain you should buy, start by measuring the deck floor. Take its width times length and write that number down.
Applying a deck stain is a time-consuming endeavor. If you choose the right stain, this should only have to be done every 3 years.
Choose your deck stain wisely and plan a day when the temperatures are just right to work on your deck. If you buy a high-quality stain and apply it following directions, you should be able to have a stain that lasts a long time and enjoys lots of seasons for those outdoor parties.
I’ve been a professional painter since 2001 and spent the last 12 years specializing in kitchen cabinet refinishing. I started the DIY Painting Tips blog in 2015 to start sharing everything I’ve learned over the years and help all the people who’d rather tackle their painting projects themselves. In 2019 I started the DIY Painting Tips Youtube channel where I publish in depth videos all about kitchen cabinet painting, painting gear reviews, and interior/exterior tutorials.